By Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin
On sixteen September 1963 Malaysia got here into being with the accession of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to the present Federation of Malaya. This publication marks the fiftieth anniversary of this striking occasion in South East Asia's heritage. the focal point of the ebook should be typically at the adventure of Sabah and Sarawak as topics of the federation. It seems on the event of federalism from a couple of various views, holding in brain not only the results of federalism on Sabah and Sarawak but in addition the results at the federation as a complete. Has the discount of 1963 been adhered to? Has Malaysian federalism been a profitable instance of this way of presidency in Asia, or has the cut price been undermined in methods opposite to the unique deal within the Malaysia contract of 1963? What were the sensible results on East Malaysia in the course of 50 years?
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2014 Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited Cover Design by Bernard Go Kwang Meng Published by Marshall Cavendish Editions An imprint of Marshall Cavendish International 1 New Industrial Road, Singapore 536196 All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Request for permission should be addressed to the Publisher, Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited, 1 New Industrial Road, Singapore 536196.
How could secession be effected in a situation where even raising the issue might be seen as treasonable and a reason for armed intervention? Who would have the right to declare secession and how would the exercise of such a right be rendered legitimate? Could a state government make such a declaration? Would the people have to be consulted in a referendum (the topical example of Crimea springs to mind)? Would such consultation even be possible in a fast-moving environment? Is the reality that, in these days of political, administrative, legal, and economic complexity, secession could only be effected cleanly by mutual consent and careful negotiation?
In this respect, he argues, federalism does not appear to be a solution for the racial differences or problems of Malaysian society because ‘federalism becomes nothing if it is held to embrace diversities that are not territorially grouped’. In practice the solution of the ethnic problem lies with consociationalism, as is discussed above in relation to the BN’s historic dominance at federal and state levels. The conclusion to draw for federalism is that successful federalism requires a great degree of unity within the units of the federation.
50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited by Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin