By Peter Adamson
Classical Philosophy is the 1st of a sequence of books during which Peter Adamson goals finally to give an entire historical past of philosophy, extra completely but in addition extra enjoyably than ever earlier than. in brief, energetic chapters, in response to the preferred History of Philosophy podcast, he bargains an obtainable, funny, and unique examine the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the 1st complete flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. the tale is instructed "without any gaps," discussing not just such significant figures but additionally much less quite often mentioned subject matters just like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the function of ladies in historical philosophy. in the considered Plato and Aristotle, the reader will locate in-depth introductions to significant works, resembling the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, that are taken care of intimately that's strange in an creation to old philosophy. Adamson appears to be like at attention-grabbing yet much less usually learn Platonic dialogues just like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's rules in zoology and poetics. This complete insurance permits him to take on historical discussions in all components of philosophy, together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of technological know-how, ethics and politics. realization can be given to the historic and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration of ways early Greek cosmology spoke back to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates used to be provided via the comedian playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and the way occasions in Greek background can have prompted Plato's idea. this can be a new form of heritage so as to deliver philosophy to existence for all readers, together with these coming to the topic for the 1st time.
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Additional info for A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1: Classical Philosophy
The gods are involved whenever anything significant happens to the human characters. We’ve already had an example of this: Homer shows us that Hera needs to distract Zeus by getting him to go to sleep, so that she can arrange for Hector to be wounded without Zeus’ interference. The overall effect of this, from a philosophical point of view, is that Homer’s gods are the explanations of last resort, or even of first resort. Nothing can happen without the gods being involved. At the very least, they need to allow humans to act.
Here we can see Xenophanes extending the ideas of his Milesian predecessors as a way of replacing the poetic world-view. It’s almost irresistible to call his new approach “scientific,” because it refers to physical stuff like clouds, rather than gods and goddesses. But again like the Milesians, he hasn’t gotten rid of religious sentiment. If anything, he’s saying that proper respect for the divine should lead us to adopt his conception of a single God who does nothing but think, and has nothing in common with us apart from this ability to think.
It would form a continuous narrative, and it would leave nothing out. ” And the rest is, in several senses of the word, history. The podcast launched in the autumn of 2010 and is still going strong, having covered all of ancient philosophy and now the philosophical tradition of the Islamic world. Although the podcast version includes episodes with experts on various topics, the core of the series has been a series of scripts. The scripts on classical philosophy form the basis of the book you are holding in your hands, revised for this new format.
A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1: Classical Philosophy by Peter Adamson