By Frederic Clarke Putnam
This can be a Hebrew grammar with a distinction, being the 1st really discourse-based grammar. Its objective is for college kids to appreciate Biblical Hebrew as a language, seeing its kinds and conjugations as a coherent linguistic approach, appreciating why and the way the textual content capability what it says-rather than studying Hebrew as a collection of random ideas and it seems that arbitrary meanings. Thirty-one classes equip novices for interpreting the biblical textual content in Hebrew. They comprise sections on biblical narrative, poetry, and the Masora-as good as of the textual content of the Hebrew Bible, lexica, and concordances. The examples and routines are all taken without delay from the biblical textual content, in order that scholars can money their paintings opposed to any fairly literal model of the Bible. The vocabulary lists comprise all the phrases that take place fifty occasions or extra within the Hebrew Bible. designated additionally to this Grammar are the 'enrichments': short sections on the finish of every bankruptcy encouraging scholars to use their grammatical wisdom to precise questions, concerns, or passages within the biblical textual content. Appendices contain a Vocabulary of all Hebrew phrases and correct names that take place fifty instances or extra, and a word list and index of technical terms-as good as entire nominal, pronominal, and verbal paradigms, and an annotated bibliography. The learner-friendly layout of this Grammar has been recommended via school and through scholars who've used pre-publication types to coach themselves Biblical Hebrew, either separately, in periods, and in casual teams.
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Extra info for A New Grammar of Biblical Hebrew
Vocal åewa ( > ) is a half-vowel (above), like the “i” in beautiful, or the “a” in sofa. Silent åewa. When two consonants occur with no vowel between them, the Masoretes inserted åewa as a “place-holder”. In English, consonants can be placed side by side, as in placed, but in Hebrew, every consonant—except the last letter of the word—must be followed by a vowel point. This åewa is also called åewa quiescens. : The three ˙atef-vowels (m/ / m] / m\) are always vocal. There are three basic rules for distinguishing vocal and silent åewa.
Apart from the qualitative distinction between long and short ˙ireq (/ee/ v. /i/), “length” refers primarily to duration (how long the sound of the vowel is maintained) rather than to vowel quality. For example, the difference between åureq and qibbuß is more like the difference between “boon” and “boot” than between “boon” and “bun” (English long and short /u/). Their tonal quality is the same, but their duration differs (in the English words this is due to the nature of the following consonants).
If there was no vowel letter in the text, the Masoretes simply used the “defective” form of the vowel, which is why ˙ireq and qibbuß can be either long or short. , “i” in “beautiful” and “a” in sofa (in regular conversation, not exaggeratedly, as “bee-yoo-tee-ful”). English orthography does not distinguish full and half vowels; the Masoretes distinguished them by using different signs. The Half-Vowels 1. 2. 3. 4. Type Name åewa åewa a hiatef-patahi e hiatef-segol o hiatef-qamesi Sign . ] / \ Consonant + Sign m.
A New Grammar of Biblical Hebrew by Frederic Clarke Putnam