An Introduction to Manifolds - download pdf or read online

By Loring W. Tu

ISBN-10: 0387480986

ISBN-13: 9780387480985

ISBN-10: 038748101X

ISBN-13: 9780387481012

Manifolds, the higher-dimensional analogs of gentle curves and surfaces, are primary items in sleek arithmetic. Combining elements of algebra, topology, and research, manifolds have additionally been utilized to classical mechanics, common relativity, and quantum box theory.

In this streamlined creation to the topic, the speculation of manifolds is gifted with the purpose of aiding the reader in achieving a speedy mastery of the basic subject matters. by way of the tip of the ebook the reader will be in a position to compute, at the very least for easy areas, the most easy topological invariants of a manifold, its de Rham cohomology. alongside the best way the reader acquires the information and talents important for extra learn of geometry and topology. The considered necessary point-set topology is integrated in an appendix of twenty pages; different appendices overview evidence from genuine research and linear algebra. tricks and suggestions are supplied to the various routines and problems.

This paintings can be used because the textual content for a one-semester graduate or complex undergraduate direction, in addition to by means of scholars engaged in self-study. Requiring in simple terms minimum undergraduate prerequisites, An Introduction to Manifolds is additionally a good origin for Springer GTM eighty two, Differential types in Algebraic Topology.


Show description

Read or Download An Introduction to Manifolds PDF

Best differential geometry books

Download e-book for iPad: Foundations of Differential Geometry by Shoshichi Kobayashi, Katsumi Nomizu

This two-volume creation to differential geometry, a part of Wiley's well known Classics Library, lays the root for realizing a space of analysis that has turn into very important to modern arithmetic. it's thoroughly self-contained and should function a reference in addition to a educating advisor. quantity 1 offers a scientific creation to the sector from a short survey of differentiable manifolds, Lie teams and fibre bundles to the extension of neighborhood modifications and Riemannian connections.

New PDF release: Topics in Noncommutative Algebra: The Theorem of Campbell,

Influenced via the significance of the Campbell, Baker, Hausdorff, Dynkin Theorem in lots of diverse branches of arithmetic and Physics (Lie group-Lie algebra idea, linear PDEs, Quantum and Statistical Mechanics, Numerical research, Theoretical Physics, regulate conception, sub-Riemannian Geometry), this monograph is meant to: absolutely let readers (graduates or experts, mathematicians, physicists or utilized scientists, accustomed to Algebra or now not) to appreciate and practice the statements and diverse corollaries of the most outcome, supply a large spectrum of proofs from the trendy literature, evaluating assorted innovations and furnishing a unifying standpoint and notation, supply an intensive historic history of the implications, including unknown proof concerning the powerful early contributions by way of Schur, Poincaré, Pascal, Campbell, Baker, Hausdorff and Dynkin, provide an outlook at the functions, specifically in Differential Geometry (Lie workforce idea) and research (PDEs of subelliptic style) and speedy let the reader, via an outline of the state-of-art and open difficulties, to appreciate the fashionable literature touching on a theorem which, even though having its roots at the beginning of the 20 th century, has now not ceased to supply new difficulties and purposes.

Vladimir Zorich, Gerald G. Gould's Mathematical Analysis of Problems in the Natural Sciences PDF

Vladimir A. Zorich is a individual Professor of arithmetic on the college of Moscow who solved the matter of world homeomorphism for area quasi-conformal mappings and supplied its far-reaching generalizations. In Mathematical research of difficulties in ordinary Sciences, he makes use of a full of life and obtainable variety to unify 3 themes of research and physics, that are as follows: the dimensional research of actual amounts, which incorporates a number of purposes together with Kolmogorov's version for turbulence; features of very huge numbers of variables and the main of focus in addition to the non-linear legislation of huge numbers, the geometric that means of the Gauss and Maxwell distributions, and the Kotelnikov-Shannon theorem; and, ultimately, classical thermodynamics and make contact with geometry, which covers major rules of thermodynamics within the language of differential types, touch distributions, the Frobenius theorem and the Carnot-Caratheodory metric.

Additional info for An Introduction to Manifolds

Sample text

Q Fig. 7. Sphere with a hair. 2. 7) is not locally Euclidean at q. Hence it cannot be a topological manifold. ) U5 U2 U4 U6 U3 U1 Fig. 8. Charts on the unit sphere. 3. Charts on the sphere Let S 2 be the unit sphere x 2 + y 2 + z2 = 1 in R3 .

En be a basis for a vector space V and let α 1 , . . , α n be its dual basis for V ∗ . Suppose [gij ] ∈ Rn×n is an n × n matrix. Define a bilinear function f : V × V − → R by f (v, w) = gij v i w j for v = v i ei and w = α i and α j . wj ej in V . 2. Hyperplanes (a) Let V be a vector space of dimension n and f : V − → R a nonzero linear functional. Show that dim ker f = n − 1. A linear subspace of V of dimension n − 1 is called a hyperplane in V . (b) Show that a nonzero linear functional on a vector space V is determined up to a constant by its kernel, a hyperplane in V .

The general linear group GL(n, R) is by definition 52 5 Manifolds GL(n, R) := {A ∈ Rn×n | det A = 0} = det −1 (R − {0}). Since the determinant function →R det : Rn×n − 2 Rn and is therefore a manifold. is continuous, GL(n, R) is an open subset of Rn×n U1 φ1 U4 φ2 φ4 φ3 U3 U2 Fig. 5. Charts on the unit circle. 15 (The unit circle in the plane). The equation x 2 + y 2 = 1 defines the unit circle S 1 in R2 . We can cover the unit circle by four open sets: the upper and lower semicircles U1 , U2 , and the right and left semicircles U3 , U4 .

Download PDF sample

An Introduction to Manifolds by Loring W. Tu

by Michael

Rated 5.00 of 5 – based on 27 votes