By Eugene Domack, Amy Leventer, Adam Burnett, Robert A. Bindschadler, Peter Convey, Matthew Kirby
Published via the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the Antarctic study Series.
The Antarctic Peninsula sector represents our greatest usual laboratory to enquire how earth's significant weather platforms have interaction and the way such structures reply to fast neighborhood warming. the size of environmental adjustments now occurring around the sector is big and their velocity swift however the subsystems concerned are nonetheless sufficiently small to watch and appropriately record reason and impact mechanisms. for instance, explanation of ice shelf balance through the Larsen Ice Shelf is key to realizing the whole Antarctic Ice Sheet, its weather evolution, and its reaction to and keep watch over of sea point. by means of encompassing the broadest diversity of interdisciplinary stories, this quantity offers the worldwide switch examine and academic groups a framework during which to improve our wisdom of the explanations in the back of local warming, the dramatic glacial and ecological responses, and the capability distinctiveness of the development in the region's paleoclimate list. the quantity additionally serves as a necessary source for public coverage and governmental investment organisations in addition to a way to coach the big variety of ecotourists that stopover at the quarter every one austral summer.
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Extra info for Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Historical and Paleoenvironmental Perspectives
As in moist) and continental (cold, dry) climate regimes'. Harangozo  foundthat the E1 to the lower layersof the atmosphere. Nifio-SouthemOscillation(ENSO) only indirectlyinflu4. TELECONNECTIONS AND REMOTE enceswestAP winter temperaturesvia alterationsin the ON THE ANTARCTIC PENINSULA It is now well established thatthe atmospherecan supThe apparentrelationships betweenABS surfaceair tempatterns,in which the peratureand sea ice extentwere shownby Kwok and port low-frequencyteleconnection Comiso  to be associated,in part, with the influenceof local forcingscanbe felt at remotelocations.
Using a high-resolution regional atmosphericmodel, van den Broekeand van Lipzig [2003, thisvolume]showthatthe high-indexstateof the AAO is associatedwith an increasednortherlycomponentto the flow overthe Peninsulaandincreased troposalone. pheric temperaturesin this region. ' ANTARCTIC PENINSULA CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ITS CAUSES 25 high-index state of the AAO, which may have con- extentat 70øW explainmore than 60% of the variability tributedtowardwarmingin the Peninsuladuringthe aus- in July temperaturesat Faraday [King and Harangozo, tral summerand fall.
Atmosphere. PartII: SouthernHemisphere, J. ,48, Kidson,J. , Eigenvectoranalysisof monthlymean surface 780-790, 1991. data, Mon. , 103, 177-186, 1975. ,W. J. Campbell,D. J. Cavalieri,J. C. Comiso,C. L. Parkinsonand H. J. Zwally, Arctic andAntarcticSeaIce, King, J. , Recent climate variability in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula,Int. J. , 14, 357-369, 1994. 1978-1987: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations and Analysis. NASA Scientific and Technical Information King, J. , and S. A. Harangozo,Climate changein the westernAntarcticPeninsulasince1945:Observations andpossiProgram,NASA SP-511,290 pp, 1993.
Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Historical and Paleoenvironmental Perspectives by Eugene Domack, Amy Leventer, Adam Burnett, Robert A. Bindschadler, Peter Convey, Matthew Kirby